x300.....Shepherding is something people do--not a job title.

1 The elders which are among you I exhort, who am also an elder, and a witness of the sufferings of Christ, and also a partaker of the glory that shall be revealed:
2 Feed the flock of God which is among you, taking the oversight thereof, not by constraint, but willingly; not for filthy lucre, but of a ready mind;
3 Neither as being lords over God's heritage, but being ensamples to the flock.
4 And when the chief Shepherd shall appear, ye shall receive a crown of glory that fadeth not away.
(1 Peter 5:1-4, KJV).

These verses, which have very often been used to affirm pastoral authority say this--

Speaking to the elders--simply the older people within the church..........

"shepherd " the flock.

this one phrase, taken out of context, has been used to build the idea that the leader of churches are pastors--and that everyone "under" them is a sheep. But what these verses truly say is that the elders of the church ought to guide (shepherd) the other people in the church. they are being exhorted to use the pastoral anointing to guide the other people within the church. If anyone cares to know, the pastoral annointing, (if we used the Bible to define it, instead of our experience and traditions) is the release of others to ministry.

In no way do these verses exclude other people from having or functioning under the pastoral anointing--which is of one of the five gifts of Christ which are "given unto every one of us" (Ephesians 4: 1-12).

It is clear that Peter is speaking to fellow "elders"--to other older Christians like himself. The word "shepherd" is the action word of his statement--" shepherding" is the adjective--not the proper name of someone as tradition has taken the word "pastor" to be. "Shepherding" is the thing that the elders are told to do---it is not something they are told to "be". It is not their full-time occupation--it is not their sole right within the church--it is simply an exhortation, an instruction for the elders to follow after. This confirms the understanding that ministry is something for Christians to do--rather than "titles" for Christian leaders---titles which carry some type of "Godly authority to rule over others within the church"....

"But Jesus called them to him, and saith unto them, Ye know that they which are accounted to rule over the Gentiles exercise lordship over them; and their great ones exercise authority upon them. But so shall it not be among you: but whosoever will be great among you, shall be your minister: And whosoever of you will be the chiefest, shall be servant of all. For even the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many."
(Mark 10:42-45, KJV).